External Hard Drive – Everything You Need to Know About it

By   October 20, 2016

When talking about computer terms, you would definitely hear the word external hard drive very often. But for people who are not into the computer world, they would definitely ask what that thing is. An external hard drive is the same type of hard drive that is located inside the CPU of a computer or the laptop except that the hard drive is mounted in a separate casing and is found outside the CPU. It also functions the same as the computer does like storing information permanently or temporarily. The only difference is that it is connected to the computer via a USB or Fire wire cable and most operating systems will automatically recognize the hard drive allowing the users to use it freely to their hearts content.

But there are several types of external hard drive in India and when one is buying, they prefer to have the best external hard drive there is so the tendency is they look at the brand and the price of the hard drive without even looking at the features. Though most computers can recognize the hard drive but not every hard drive contains the same features as there will always be a difference in everything that is why the hard drives where divided into two types, the portable external hard drive and the desktop external hard drive. Regardless of the type, all the external hard drives are just having the same.

Two Types of External Hard Drive

Portable External Hard Drive
These hard drives are usually 2.5” hard drive in a slim line enclosure that is why they are easily carried thus the name portable. Though this hard drives are portable, it is also breakable and sensitive so extra care is needed when handling them. The portable external hard drive for mac is commonly USB Powered, which means you can just plug it to the USB port of the computer and you can use it. The only problem with this is that when all the ports in the computer or laptop are used then you have to remove one of the connected USB port so that you can plug the hard drive to your computer or laptop in order for you to use it.
external hard drive India
Desktop External Hard Drive
Desktop external hard drives are normally 3.5” hard drives mounted into a larger casing than that of the portable hard drive. The device may also have fans integrated to assist in keeping it cool during use which extends the life of the disk drive. This external drives are designed mostly for the use of storing without being portable. It has a memory capacity that can reach up to 500 GB but now there are devices designed to have a 1 terabyte storage capacity. These are connected through the use of USB as well and it can be carried by other people also but the power supply should always be carried as well in order for it to be used in other computer devices.

Understanding External Hard Drives

If this drive isn’t spinning up, putting it in the freezer for about an hour will usually get the drive spinning again so you can copy needed files before the drive warms up again. A hard disk is a set of rigid magnetic disks aligned ona spindle, which is rotated by a motor. Remove the drive from the Laptop/Notebook and attach it to the IDE-cable of a Desktop computer. In our simple disk, the disk doesn’t have to do much. The first thing you want to do is run a disk utility like Norton disk doctor or wddiag (if it’s a western digital drive) to verify whether the drive is working mechanically or not.
external hard drive India 2016
A rotary structure moves a stack of heads relative to concentric tracks on the surface of the disks. You’ll need to find out how to remove the drive from your computer, normally with modern Notebooks/Laptops the drives are removable and it’s just a screw or two to get them out. In particular, it must just wait for the desired sector to rotate under the disk head. If it is a master boot record problem, sometimes running disk/mbr will correct the problem. The entire apparatus is contained in a tightly sealed case. Don’t forget – always power down your computer before you remove hardware. This wait happens often enough in modern drives, and is an important enough component of I/O service time, that it has a special name:rotational delay(sometimes rotation delay, though that sounds weird).

It could also be a virus, and a program like F-prot will look at the drive as a physical unit. A micro-controller takes care of steering the motors and translating the higher-level protocol that a computer uses to communicate with the disk to and from a bit stream, which is processed by specialized hardware (a DSP or FPGA) and fed to the heads. As soon as you’ve managed to remove the drive you’ll need a Notebook-to-IDE-adaptor which you can get at any computer store for under $15. Jumper your drive asa slave and connect it via this adaptor to any Windows computer.
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Malaria – A Dreadful Disease Cause By Mosquito

By   September 20, 2016

Malaria is a disease caused by parasites of the genus Plasmodium, which is likely to be transmitted to humans by western gorillas. This is the first in importance among the debilitating disease, with more than 210 million cases each year worldwide. The word malaria comes from Italian medieval bad aria (bad air), in Spanish is also known as malaria, Latin palus, “swamp.”

On African Malaria is celebrated on April 25 as it is in this continent where the disease is most common. The disease can be caused by one or more of the different species of Plasmodium: Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium knowlesi, the first three are reported in the Americas. The vectors of this disease are different species of the genus Anopheles. As is known, only the female mosquitoes that feed blood to mature the eggs, and therefore the males do not bite and cannot transmit disease because they feed only nectars and vegetable juices.
use mosquito repellent to prevent mosquito bites
The only way for direct infection among humans is that a pregnant woman transmit it via transplacental to the fetus. Also it can be transmitted directly through the bite of a mosquito. It is also possible transmission by blood transfusions from donors who have had the disease. In regions where malaria is highly endemic, people are so often infected develop the “acquired immunity”, ie they are more or less asymptomatic carriers of the parasite. One of the easiest way to prevent Malaria is to avoid mosquito bites. There are various top mosquito repellents in United States that contains DEET and are very effective in preventing mosquito bites. 1.3 million people die of malaria each year and of these, 90% are children under five years. Each year there are 396 million cases of malaria. Most of the burden of disease is recorded in Africa south of Sahara. The first vaccine was developed by Dr. Manuel Elkin Patarroyo, a doctor in Colombia, and has an effectiveness of between 40% and 60% in adults and children 77%.

Symptoms Of Malaria

This is one of the most common infectious diseases and major health problems for the traveler. There are four species of the genus Plasmodium (the malaria parasite) that transmit the disease to humans: Plasmodium vivax, P. Ovale, P. P. malariae Falciporum (the deadliest). The main cause of malaria is the improper performance of chemoprophylaxis. The risk of infection varies depending on the itinerary, trip duration, time of year (rainy season, temperature), population immunity, distribution of places where mosquitoes breed and the prevalence of different species. In the male transmission occurs through the bite of female Anopheles mosquito. It is especially active from dusk to dawn. It is also transmitted through blood transfusions or infected needles. Another cause is unlikely, is at the airport or surrounding area. If a mosquito “school” on a plane from an endemic area and escapes on a scale in other countries could sting. Symptoms of malaria The incubation period depends on the species causing the infection. If they are the P. Vivax or ovale, they usually last between 10 and 16 days if the P. Malariae, 20 to 40 days, and if the falciparum, between 8 and 14. The first malaria symptoms are indistinguishable from a mild viral illness, mild and intermittent fever, headache and muscle pain, chills with a sick feeling. In general include:

  • Malaise
  • Headache
  • tiredness (fatigue)
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Muscle aches (myalgia)
  • Fever and chills

If the disease progresses it can have several pictures depending on the infecting organism. Among the less severe symptoms are gastrointestinal disturbances, ie, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain and disorders such as jaundice or biliary coletiasisis. It also highlights the hepatosplenomegaly or simultaneous increase in the size of the liver and spleen, which is constant for all forms of malaria, and their frequent association with the cold sores.

What Causes Malaria

Malaria is a parasitic disease transmitted from human to human by the bite of infected Anopheles mosquitoes. In humans, the parasites (called sporozoites) migrate to the liver where they mature and become merozoites, which enter the bloodstream and infect red blood cells. The parasites multiply inside the cells that, after 48 to 72 hours, break and infect red blood cells. The first symptoms usually occur 10 days to 4 weeks after infection, although they may appear as early as 8 days or up to 1 year after surgery. Then the symptoms of the disease occur in cycles of 48 to 72 hours. Symptoms of malaria Most symptoms are caused by the massive release of merozoites into the bloodstream, the anemia resulting from destruction of red blood cells and the problems caused by large amounts of free hemoglobin released into circulation after the breakdown of red blood cells. Malaria can also be transmitted from mother to unborn baby (congenital) and blood transfusions. Mosquitoes in temperate climates can carry malaria, but the parasite disappears over the winter. The disease is a major health problem in much of tropical and subtropical countries. The CDC (Center for Disease Control, U.S.) estimates that each year there are 300 to 500 million cases of malaria and more than a million people die. It is the major disease hazard for travelers to warm climates. In some regions of the world, mosquitoes that carry malaria have developed resistance to insecticides. In addition, the parasites have developed resistance to some antibiotics. This has led to difficulty in controlling both the rate of infection and spread of the disease. Plasmodium falciparum malaria, one of four different types of malaria, affects a greater proportion of red blood cells compared to other types and is much more serious. It can be fatal within a few hours of the onset of symptoms.

Preventing Malaria

Before traveling to an area affected by malaria are likely to be information about it and how to protect, as the recommendations of a country may differ greatly from the neighbor. WHO recommends no travel to endemic areas or at risk to pregnant women or families with children because of the risk of maternal mortality, abortion, infant mortality and low birth weight.
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Oven Thermometers – Do You Need To Have One?

By   June 20, 2016

Oven thermometer is very essential device that must be present in every kitchen. Our foods contain many harmful microorganisms and parasites that are harmful for our body and may cause food borne diseases. This microorganism dies if we cook our food thoroughly at above certain temperature. Oven thermometers let us precisely know the exact temperature at which food is cooked. Most oven’s thermometer are not accurate and sometimes they are off by more than 50 degrees, so you cannot rely on ovens temperature reading. If you want your food neither be under cooked nor be over cooked, then buy a good oven thermometer of 2016.

Benefits of Oven Thermometer

When it comes to oven thermometers, there are two different types: the old-school ones with the glass bulb and the ones with the large dial-face. You can easily remedy this problem with an oven thermometer. Turn on the oven and heat it. If you want a reliable oven temperature reading, then never hand the thermometer from a rack right over the burner in the down side of your oven, or best is to place the thermometer on the borrom of the oven, or you may stick it the walls. An oven’s internal thermometer only gauges the temperature of the location where it’s installed, which is necessarily in an out-of-the-way spot in the back, front, or side of the oven box. Using Oven Thermometer
The main issue I have with my oven is that the far left corner seems to get hotter than the rest of my gas oven. Then you are measuring the temperature of the part of the food that will be slowest to cook. An oven that is off by 50 to 100 degrees can drastically influence the final result. I recently burnt sliced potatoes in the far left corner and had not quite raw ones in the front right. With irregularly shaped food, such as a whole chicken or a beef roast, check the temperature in several places. A variety of options help cooks achieve the temperature they need. Sounds crazy, right? Users should follow a few simple steps to ensure their oven thermometer produces an accurate readout. If I rotate the trays it seems to be okay. I’m trying to avoid spending money on the repair man, but is this something I need to address sooner than later?

Types of Oven Thermometer

Food thermometer placement is extremely important in order to guarantee your food is cooked to a safe minimum internal temperature. For meat products including raw beef, pork, lamb, veal steaks, chops and roasts, use the food thermometer before removing meat from the heat source. You can choose one of the preset temperatures programmed into the unit or select your own. According to USDA research, 1 out of every 4 hamburgers turns brown in the middle before it has reached a safe internal temperature. The food thermometer should be placed in the thickest part of the food and should not be touching bone, fat or gristle.
For safety and quality, allow meat to rest for at least three minutes before carving or consuming. When the food reaches the desired temperature, the unit beeps to alert you that it’s ready. The only way to be sure food is safely cooked is to use a food thermometer to measure the internal temperature. Begin checking the temperature toward the end of cooking, but before the food is expected to be “done.” Yes, there are analog thermometers, but an instant-read digital thermometer is more convenient. For a no-frills version, this is straightforward with a large, easy to read dial.

If you like, you can also use it as an instant-read — it responds in less than five seconds. According to the U.S. Despite the name, it’s not really instant-read. You just plunge the probe of the stainless steel thermometer into the thickest part of the cooked meat or poultry once it comes out of the oven and you will soon get a reading. The safe minimum internal temperatures vary by food.
Department of Agriculture, temperature is the only way to gauge whether food is sufficiently cooked. The display usually takes anywhere from 20 to 30 seconds to give an accurate temperature reading, but it’s still quicker than analog. All poultry, casseroles and leftovers should be heated to 165 degrees F. USDA research reveals that the “color test” can give consumers misleading information about the safety of the foods they are preparing, since cooked color varies considerably. This is a basic all-purpose thermometer.

Ground meats and egg dishes need to be at least 160 degrees F. For example, freezing and thawing may influence a meat’s tendency to brown prematurely. Fresh beef, pork, veal, lamb and ham should reach 145 degrees F and then rest for at least three minutes. Fish should also be cooked to 145 degrees F.

How To Use Oven Thermometer

Cooking thermometers are available in different varieties, which are all readily available in most stores. Do a “hot spot” test. Unlike oven temperature checkers, cooking thermometers can tolerate heat more efficient and they can measure much higher temperatures. If your oven is more than ten years old, the cooking temperature could vary-in the worst case-by as much as fifty degrees from the temperature you’ve set on the dial. One of the most popularly used is the conventional oven meat thermometer.
Put a few pieces of sliced bread on a 2 baking sheets and put in the oven- one sheet on a rack towards the top and one on a lower rack. They are more recommended in deep frying and making candies and jellies. So if a recipe tells you to cook a roast of beef at 375 F., you could be cooking at anywhere from 325 F to 425 F. and have no way of knowing, until you discover that when you remove your dish from the oven, what you’ve cooked is overcooked, undercooked, or somewhere in between. Their probes are placed on the food at the beginning of cooking while the digital reader sits outside. Whatever part of the bread browns first is your hot spot.

In addition, they are much larger than ordinary thermometers. But not well cooked. Therefore, you do not have to open the oven’s door repeatedly just to get readings. Now you know. A typical measuring device for making candies comes with a hook to allow the device to be attached on the side of the pot without letting the device touched the hot metal.
Cook all raw beef, pork, lamb and veal steaks, chops, and roasts to a minimum internal temperature of 145°F. Regular, oven-proof types go into the food at the beginning of the cooking time and can be read easily. The next time you bake cookies, or roast meat items you may have to turn your baking sheets half way through cooking time to avoid burning in that spot. Ovenproof leave-in style thermometers are inserted into the thickest part of the roast and remain in the meat during cooking. For safety and quality, allow the meat to rest for at least three minutes before carving or consuming.

Some, like the Polder brand, have a long probe that inserts into the food while it cooks, yet the digital read-out sits outside the oven—hence, no need to open the oven door to check the food. One factor that makes cooking meat or fish the way you want so difficult is all the variables involved such as the thickness of meat, heat of your oven, the temperature of your meat or fish when you start cooking it – the list goes on and on. The probe shouldn’t touch bone or fatty areas (which hold more heat). These inexpensive meat thermometers are available from supermarkets and kitchenware shops. Fish should also be cooked to 145°F.

Solar Power – How To Effectively Utilized Solar Energy

By   February 1, 2016

Many individuals and businesses are changing over to renewable solar energy. As people become more aware of the damage humans have done to our environment, they are searching for more ways to protect it when using energy. The tips you need to start using solar power lay below. Your solar power system’s ability to produce power depends on several factors, such as the efficiency of the panels and how many you purchase. A consultant can help you figure out just how much power you need as well as what panels are best suited to your needs. Higher-efficiency panels are often your best bet cost-wise.

When beginning to use solar energy, start small. Choose a few lights to put in your front yard until you realize the benefits of solar energy. Solar powered garden lights can be found in almost any store that sells ordinary garden lights. Installation is as simple as placing them in the ground along your walkway.
power energy

Solar Energy System

If you are prepare to invest for the long haul, solar energy is a ideal method to save money. The initial costs of a solar energy system for your home is expensive. If you are planning on moving, then you might want to hold out on purchasing the solar energy system until you are in a more permanent home.
solar power bank
Search for grants and rebates that can help defray some of the installation expenses. It can be expensive to install and run your solar energy system, but there’s help out there. Look into state and federal grant opportunities intended to encourage the use of renewable energy sources. They can significantly reduce the costs. Under certain circumstances, you may be eligible for tax credits. To make PV systems even more affordable, several states offer financial incentives through solar rebates and other programs. Some utilities have net metering programs, which further enhance the economics of PV.
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Lithium Polymer Batteries in Power Banks

By   January 13, 2016

If you want to make a DIY battery charger or more commonly known as power banks, you will surely need a battery pack. There are many type of batteries such as venerable AA or 9V cell. This batteries are great for making into larger multi battery packs. They can carry plenty of charge and also at cheap cost. But if you want your batteries to also be rechargeable and want to save money for longer term, you will need rechargeable lithium polymer batteries.

What is Lithium-Polymer Batteries

Lithium Polymer batteries are the latest type of battery which are now commonly used in many consumer electronic devices. The latest device such as power banks also use power bank to store extra charge. Lithium batteries have been gaining in popularity in the radio control industry over the last few years, and are now the most popular choice for anyone looking for long run times and high power.

Lithium polymer batteries offer more benefits than other alkaline or common Nickel Metal Hydride batteries and Nickel Cadmium batteries.

  • Lithium polymer batteries are much lighter weight, and can be made in almost any size or shape.
  • Lithium polymer batteries offer much higher capacities, allowing them to hold much more power.
  • Lithium polymer batteries offer much higher discharge rates, meaning they pack more punch

Lithium Ion batteries tend to be rectangular or sometimes cylindrical. They are hard shelled with a robust casing. Lithium batteries are more heavier and come with larger capacity compare to other battery types. They are also sturdy and not easy to puncture. These batteries are often used in top power banks in India and laptops.

Why Lithium Polymer Batteries in Power Banks

Lithium Polymer batteries offer a wide array of benefits. But each user must decide if the benefits outweigh the drawbacks. For more and more people, they do. In my personal opinion, there is nothing to fear from LiPo batteries, so long as you follow the rules and treat the batteries with the respect they deserve.
Lithium Polymer Battery in Power Bank
These benefits are important in any RC model, but for airplanes and helicopters they are the reason electric flight has become so popular. Face it, electric cars and boats have been around for decades, it wasn’t till LiPo battery technology arrived on the scene, that electric planes and helicopters started showing up and are now surpassing
nitro power in terms of performance.

Lithium Polymer Battery Features

High Energy Density: For their weight, Lithium Polymer batteries are capable of storing a proportionately high amount of energy compared to older technologies such as those found in NiCd and NiMH batteries. In many cases, they offer over 4 times the energy capacity for the weight.

Cell equalization: Because a Lithium battery cannot be overcharged, there is no natural mechanism for cell equalization. Therefore, an alternative method must be employed.
Lithium Batteries
Flat Voltage Curve: Lithium Polymer cells are fully charged at 4.2 volts and are considered fully
discharged at 3.0 volts. This allows for a relatively flat voltage discharge curve, providing solid performance throughout the discharge cycle.

High Capacity: Lithium Polymer cells with reduced capacity or high internal impedance tend to have large voltage swings when charging and discharging. For HEV applications, it is necessary to cell balance lithium chemistry because of this over voltage potential.

No Memory Effect: Lithium Polymer cells do not develop a memory effect from being only partially discharged and then charged again (such as that experienced by NiCd cells). The cells may be partially charged and discharged without damaging their performance so long as they are kept within their normal operating voltage parameters.

Differences in Lithium Ion and Lithium Polymer Batteries

Many people get confused between Lithium-Ion and Lithium-Polymer batteries. Though they have many similar features, but they also differ in key points. Lithium-Ion and Lithium-Polymer batteries have essentially the same chemical make up and are cared for in the same way; the differences are in how the cells are packaged and the type of electrolyte that is used.


power banks in IndiaThese batteries use an organic liquid solvent as the electrolyte. This electrolyte is responsible for the ion exchange between the positive anode and negative cathode just like any batteries. This organic solvent based electrolyte is highly flammable and the reason why Lithium-Ion batteries are more volatile and can catch fire or explode if mistreated.They are also usually encased in a hard metal can adding weight and not allowing many different options as far as shape and size.

Lithium Polymer

A true Lithium Polymer battery doesn’t use a liquid electrolyte but instead uses a dry electrolyte polymer that resembles a thin plastic film. This film is sandwiched between the positive anode and negative cathode of the battery allowing for ion exchange thus the name lithium polymer. This method allows for a very thin and wide range of shapes and sizes of cells.

Lithium Polymer Battery Specifications

LithiumPolymerBatteryAs we discussed above about the similarity and difference between the Lithium Ion and Lithium Polymer batteries, You should always treat them somewhat similarly and consider them two different versions of the same kind of battery. Below we will discuss its specification.

Depending upon the design of your lithium polymer battery, you may find them in different nominal voltages. For example, most lithium polymer batteries are in the range of 3.7V to 4.2V batteries. What this means is that the maximum voltage of the cell is 4.2V and that the average voltage is 3.7V. As you use the Lithium Polymer batter, the voltage will get lowe and lower, until the maximum voltage becomes 3.1 V.

10000 mAh lithium polymer power bank
The capacity of a Lithium polymer battery is basically a measure of how much power the battery can hold. Think of it as the size of your fuel tank. The unit of measure here is milliamp hours (mAh). This is saying how much drain can be put on the battery to discharge it in one hour. The capacity of the battery suppose is 5000mAh. This means that a load of 5000mAh (or 5A) would drain the battery completely in one hour. We use this information on charging as well, because it works in the opposite way as well. If we charge the above battery at 5 Amps, it will be completely charged in about an hour. Physics is a bit fickle, and there is energy lost along the way, so it won’t be an hour on the dot, but it’s a good ballpark time.

How To Prolong The Life of Your Lithium Polymer Batteries

Good quality cells like ours, although cost more in initially will easily out perform and outlast the cheaper cells and therefore cost you less in the long term. Good quality cells are also safer in operation then the cheaper far east cells. As with all things in life, you get what you pay for.

  • Purchase good quality battery packs. Cheap far east cells are a bad investment with regards to life, performance and safety.
  • Do not charge your lithium polymer batteries above their max safe voltage.
  • Do not discharge your lithium polymer batteries below their safe minimum voltage
  • Purchase a good quality charger designed specifically for charging Lithium Polymer cells. Make sure the charger has a display that will show the amount of energy that is put back into your packs in terms of “mAh” and one that shows the voltage of the individual cells being charged. This is essential to monitoring and therefore adapting your use and charging of your batteries.
  • Lithium polymer batteries offer plenty of power and run time for us radio control enthusiasts. But that power and run time comes at a price. These batteries are capable of catching fire if not used properly
  • Purchase a digital voltmeter. We can supply these for as little as £6.99 and is an essential tool for checking your
    battery packs
  • For the longest life of the batteries, Lithium batteries should be stored at room temperature at 3.8V per cell. Most modern computerize d chargers have a LiPo Storage function that will either charge the batteries up to that voltage, or discharge them down to that voltage, whichever is necessary.


Electric vehicle applications can benefit from cell-balancing devices, especially for lithium-based battery chemistries. Since battery pack charging is limited by any one single cell reaching its end-of-charge voltage (4.1 V to 4.3 V), it is useful to control high voltage cells until the lower voltage cells catch up. This way, each cell can be charged to its end-of-charge voltage.


So there you have it now you know most of what you need to know about Lithium Polymer batteries. I make no claims that this article teaches you everything there is to know about LiPos, but hopefully it helps give you some insight into how these batteries work. LiPo batteries have the potential to overtake NiMH batteries in general use in the next few years, quicker than any battery in history. It is certainly an exciting time for the hobby, and things are changing on a frequent basis. Just remember to have fun, and ask questions! The only dumb question is the one you don’t ask!

Choosing The Right Tool For The Job You Want To Do in a Perfect Way

By   December 30, 2015

As an avid home renovator, improve and all round handy man, I’ve collated a pretty extensive set of tools. With tools for specific jobs hung all over my garage wall, I can be a little spoil for choice when it comes to selecting which one is going to suit the task in mind best. Well away from all the hammers, nails, screwdrivers, wrenches, routers, saws and belt sanders, you’ll find my favorite tool in my pocket. I’m talking about my folding knife. Small, easy to access, simple to use and capable of fulfilling a hell of a lot of round the house functions, my folding knife is my go to tool for the odd jobs that crop up. Where I may have improvised on occasion using the handle to hammer in the odd nail, generally speaking, the folding knife is a very versatile tool, and one that every ‘do it yourself-er’ should have in their arsenal.

However, not all folding knives are up to the task, so it’s important to purchase one that best suits your needs. I’ll look to bring you a short summary and my personal opinion in this short blog post. In short, if you think there is just one type of folding knife then you are unfortunately mistaken. Buying in this day and age is never that easy. However, you can narrow down your choices based on the tasks that you’re going to be using your new folding knife for.

For example, if like me you are an aspiring handy man, then you can already rule out pen knives and peanut knives, simply because their blades are not going to be strong enough to take down and heavy duty cutting or tackle any household obstacles. This leaves us with the decision of a Cooperhead, Stockman or Trapper blades. All of these blades are a little more heavy duty, and likely to handle any household task thrown at them. From here, my recommendation would be to go for a Stockman blade, and here’s why.

A stockman blade comes with 3 blades in one, they vary in size so you can use different blades of different tasks. This makes the Stockman knives incredibly versatile, a trait which is invaluable for jobs around the house. They can easily handle any household task, as well as few outdoor jobs and personal tasks like opening packages and letters. With blades big enough to handle cutting through that wire, rubber piping and plasterboard, yet small enough to pry that awkward nail from the wall and get under carpet fixings, the Stockman is the blade for the home renovator. I’m sure after a few weeks of quality time with your new folding knife you’ll wonder how you lived without it for so long, and with summer on it’s way, you’ll be extending it’s use to that garden in no time at all. They simply are the new must-have tool for the home enthusiastic.

Program GUI Evolution – A Simple Guide

By   December 26, 2015

GUI (a graphical user interface) is very important for every software program. Although, many computer users recognize GUI as a separate program, it requires detailed consideration. A graphical user interface enables users to interact with devices with images and different graphic elements rather than text commands. Nowadays, it is impossible to imagine software world without GUI of such famous Operating Systems as Windows, Mac OS and Linux. Millions of users interact with their favorite programs with the help of their GUI.

Users always notice when GUI changes and becomes better and easier. Obviously, programs with intuitive GUI are more popular among end users, because people don’t have to spend a lot of time on studying how to use software. GUI constantly changes to satisfy the growing needs of customers and GUI developers try to take into account latest developments and software researches on program users psychology and software usability. Here you can see some examples how GUI changes: (screens)

Some users can’t appreciate programs at their true value if their GUI doesn’t change and update.
Only professionals can design the best GUI for software projects. There are many professional GUI development companies. They have hands on experience in developing easy to use applications with intuitive and user-friendly interface.

While designing GUI it is focus on these principles:

1. Program GUI must be intuitive and simple (users don’t like to think a lot of how to use the program)
2. GUI must be task-oriented with smooth navigation
3. Test your GUI before launch and make sure it is logical
4. Don’t provide users with too many features of GUI
5. Provide users with rich navigation assistance

A graphical user interface uses visual elements that present information stored in a computer in an easy-to-understand manner. These elements make it easy for people to work with and use computer software. A GUI uses windows, icons, and menus to carry out commands, such as opening files, deleting files and moving files. GUI software is much easier to use than command line software since there is no need to type in and memorize individual commands.

One place where the gettext functions, if used normally, have big problems is within programs with graphical user interfaces (GUIs). The problem is that many of the strings which have to be translated are very short. They have to appear in pull-down menus which restricts the length. But strings which are not containing entire sentences or at least large fragments of a sentence may appear in more than one situation in the program but might have different translations. This is especially true for the one-word strings which are frequently used in GUI programs.

As a consequence many people say that the gettext approach is wrong and instead catgets should be used which indeed does not have this problem. But there is a very simple and powerful method to handle these kind of problems with the gettext functions.